Copper Pheasant

Scientific Name
Syrmaticus soemmerringii
Conservation Status
Near Threatened (NT)

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Wikipedia Article

The Copper Pheasant, Syrmaticus soemmerringii also known as Soemmerring's Pheasant is a large pheasant with a rich coppery chestnut plumage, yellowish bill, brown iris and red facial skin. The female is a brown bird with greyish brown upperparts and buff barred dark brown below. The male has short spur on its grey legs, none in female. He measures up to 87.5-136 cm (34.5-54 in) long including the tail while the female measures up to 51-54 cm (20-21 in) (subspecies scintillans) including the tail. The Copper Pheasant is distributed and endemic to the hill and mountain forests of Honsh, Kysh and Shikoku islands of Japan, where it is known as . The diet consists mainly of insects, arthropods, roots, leaves and grains. The scientific name commemorates the German scientist Samuel Thomas von Smmerring. Due to ongoing habitat loss, limited range and overhunting in some areas, the Copper Pheasant is evaluated as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
The Copper Pheasant appears in Japanese poetry as far back as poetry composed by Kakinomoto no Hitomaro in the early 8th century, as compiled in the Hyakunin Isshu: