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Extinct in the Wild (EW)
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Glaucous Macaw Images
The Glaucous Macaw, Anodorhynchus glaucus, is a large South American parrot. This macaw is critically endangered or possibly extinct. It is closely related to the Lear's Macaw A. leari and the Hyacinth Macaw A. hyacinthinus. In Guaran, it was called guaa-obi after its vocalizations. If there are any left the population is assumed to be tiny. (Fewer than 50 individuals)
The Glaucous Macaw is long. It is mostly pale turquoise-blue with a large greyish head. The term glaucous describes its colouration. It has a long tail and a large bill. It has a yellow, bare eye-ring and half-moon-shaped lappets bordering the mandible.
This bird is resident in north Argentina, south Paraguay, north-east Uruguay and Brazil. It became rare during the 19th century due to trapping and loss of habitat, and only two acceptable records of wild birds were received in the 20th century. Expeditions by ornithologists to southwestern Paraguay during the 1990s failed to turn up any evidence that the bird was still in existence. Furthermore, only the oldest residents of the region had knowledge of the macaw, with the last sighting considered reliable occurring in 1960. It is most probable that the bird's disappearance is linked to a combination of trapping for the European pet trade and the wholesale felling of the yatay palm (Butia yatay), which nuts appear to have constituted its main food. However, suitable habitat remains in El Palmar National Park in the Argentine province of Entre Ros as well as southern Brazil, however, no rumors of the bird's continued existence in the past several decades have been proven credible.