New Zealand Quail

Scientific Name
Coturnix novaezelandiae
Order
Family
Genus
Extinct Year
1875
Conservation Status
Extinct (EX)
Sub-Family
Perdicinae

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Wikipedia Article

The New Zealand Quail (Coturnix novaezelandiae), or koreke (the Mori name), has been extinct since 1875. The male and female were similar, except the female was lighter. The first scientist to describe it was Sir Joseph Banks when he visited New Zealand on James Cook's first voyage. Terrestrial and temperate, this species inhabited lowland tussock grassland and open fernlands. The first specimen was collected in 1827 by Jean Ren Constant Quoy and Joseph Paul Gaimard on Dumont D'Urville's voyage. It has sometimes been considered conspecific with the Australian Stubble Quail, which would then be named Coturnix novaezelandiae pectoralis as it was only scientifically described after the New Zealand birds were. Research was conducted between 2007 and 2009 into whether the quails on Tiritiri Matangi Island which was spared the worst impact of introduced predators may be a surviving population of this species, or koreke-Brown Quail (Coturnix ypsilophora) hybrids. This two year genetic study showed instead that the quail species on Tiritiri Matangi island is the Australian Coturnix ypsilophora. Sequences were derived for all quail species within the Australian and New Zealand Coturnix sp, complex. A neighbour joining phylogenetic distance tree was constructed in PAUP4 with 1000 bootstrap replications conducted to determine the strength of groupings. The sequences used for the tree were derived from 3 separate mitochondrial control region sequences. This tree analysis also showed a close phylogeneic relationship between the New Zealand quail Coturnix novaezelandiae and the Australian stubble quail Coturnix pectoralis but confirmed that they are separate species. New Zealand Quail.jpg|Illustration Extinctbirds1907 P28 Cabalus modestus0347.png|Restoration of the Chatham Rail and the New Zealand Quail from 1907