Sao Francisco Sparrow

Scientific Name
Arremon franciscanus
Conservation Status
Near Threatened (NT)

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Wikipedia Article

The São Francisco Sparrow (Arremon franciscanus) is a species of bird in the Emberizidae family that is endemic to Brazil. The species were described in 1997 by Marcos Raposo in his book Ararajuba. The species feed on caatinga and can be found in the valley of Rio São Francisco and in the states such as Bahia and Minas Gerais. Unlike its cousins Pectoral Sparrow and Half-collared Sparrow, the São Francisco Sparrow have a full breast band, which later reduces itself to two breast patches closer to the wing bend. The species also have another distinguishing feature: They have orange bills and black culmen. They are threatened due to habitat loss.