Swallow-tailed Kite

Scientific Name
Elanoides forficatus
Elanid kite|Elaninae
Conservation Status
Least Concern (LC)

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Wikipedia Article

:For the African species, see African Swallow-tailed Kite The Swallow-tailed Kite (Elanoides forficatus) is an elanid kite which breeds from the southeastern United States to eastern Peru and northern Argentina. Most North and Central American breeders winter in South America where the species is resident year round. It was formerly named Falco forficatus.
The species is in length, with a wingspan of approximately . Male and female individuals appear similar. The body weight is . The body is a contrasting deep black and white. The flight feathers, tail, feet, bill are all black. Another characteristic is the elongated, forked tail at , hence the name swallow-tailed. The wings are also relatively elongated, as the wing chord measures . The tarsus is fairly short for the size of the bird at . Young Swallow-tailed Kites are duller in color than the adults, and the tail is not as deeply forked.
Swallow-tailed Kites inhabit mostly woodland and forested wetlands near nesting locations. Nests are built in trees, usually near water. Both male and female participate in building the nest. Sometimes a high-pitched chirp is emitted, though the birds mostly remain silent.
The Swallow-tailed Kite feeds on small reptiles, such as snakes and lizards and frogs, large insects, such as grasshoppers, crickets, small birds and eggs, and small mammals. It drinks by skimming the surface and collecting water in its beak.
Mating occurs from March to May, with the female laying 2 to 4 eggs. Incubation lasts 28 days, and 36 to 42 days to fledge.
Swallow-tailed Kites are not listed as endangered or threatened by the federal government in the United States. They are listed as endangered by the state of South Carolina and as threatened by the state of Texas. They are listed as "rare" by the state of Georgia. Destruction of habitats is chiefly responsible for the decline in numbers. A key conservation area is the Lower Suwannee National Wildlife Refuge in Florida.